Available by appointment Monday-Saturday.



Should I consider internal gearing?

Internal gearing is great for a lot of things.  The biggest advantage of internal gearing, IMO, is this -- shifting can happen at a standstill.  If you have forgotten to downshift before a stop, and if you have had an emergency stop where you couldn't downshift are two instances where you would appreciate having internal gearing.  This is especially important if you have any kind of leg weakness and need to start from a lower gear.  Another advantage is a less complicated chainline, one that won't accidentally jump off the gears because of a bad shift or poor pedaling style.


How do you measure x-seam?

Here are two methods:

Ex-seam Measurement

To measure your ex-seam, sit on the floor with your back to the wall, stretch out your legs, and measure the distance from the wall to your heel.


Terra Trike ex-seam method

Terra Trike uses a slightly different method for determining ex-seam length. Their measurements are taken leaning against a board angled 60° to the floor, which will give you a slightly smaller ex-seam measurement. We suggest that you just take your measurement the usual way, but when looking at Terra Trike's specifications sheets you should knock an inch off of your ex-seam to determine what size will fit you best. (A two foot board leaned against the wall from one foot out is a good approximation to 60 degrees)

I would measure both ways and remember them.


Are there any Recumbent Bike groups in Ontario?

Here are two on Facebook: 

 3RH (Recreational Recumbent Riders of Hamilton)   https://www.facebook.com/groups/305612262910016/

South Coast Recumbents    https://www.facebook.com/groups/856831881068656/


Please send me details of any you know of, so I can add them.


About e-bikes - what are the rules in Ontario?

Below is copied from the MTO web page about 'other vehicles'.  Please note that municipalities are allowed and have made additional by-laws for e-bikes.  Check out your local municipal website for that info.

Electric Bicycles ("e-bikes")

Can be operated on roads in Ontario
image of e-bike
image of e-scooter bike)

Since October 3, 2009, electric bikes (both those resembling conventional bicycles and those resembling motor scooters) have been permanently allowed on roads and highways where conventional bicycles are currently permitted.  They must follow the same rules of the road as set out in the Highway Traffic Act (HTA) that currently apply to cyclists, with some exceptions.

In order to operate an e-bike:

  • Operators must be 16 years of age or older;
  • All operators must wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet at all times.

In addition:

  • No person who is the owner or is in possession or control of an e-bike shall permit a person who is under the age of 16 years to ride on, drive or operate the e-bike on a highway.
  • An e-bike must not be ridden on, driven or operated unless it is good working order.
  • Similar to bicycles and mopeds, power-assisted bicycles are prohibited from use on certain provincial controlled-access highways.
  • Any municipal by-law prohibiting bicycles from highways under their jurisdiction also apply to e-bikes. Municipalities may also pass by-laws specific to e-bikes that prohibit them from municipal roads, sidewalks, bike paths, bike trails, and bike lanes under their jurisdiction.

To operate an e-bike on Ontario roads, an e-bike must meet the following equipment requirements:

  • Have a maximum unladen weight of 120 kg (includes the weight of vehicle and battery).
  • Must be equipped with at least two independent braking systems that applies force to each wheel and is capable of bringing the e-bike, while being operated at a speed of 30 km/h, to a full stop within 9 metres from the point at which the brakes were applied.
  • Must have wheels with a minimum diameter and width of 350 mm and 35 mm respectively.
  • Must have all electrical terminals completely insulated or covered and, along with the battery and motor, must be securely fastened to the bicycle to prevent them from moving while the bicycle is in motion.
  • No modifications to the motor of an e-bike to permit it to exceed the federal requirements for motor output or speed for an e-bike (500W and a speed greater than 32 km/h) are allowed.
  • Must meet the federal definition of a power-assisted bicycle (for the full definition, please see subsection 2(1) of the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act, which includes:
    • Has steering handlebars and is equipped with pedals;
    • Is designed to travel on not more than three wheels;
    • Has an electric motor that has a power output rating of 500W or less. (Note: the motor is electric, and is incapable of propelling the cycle at speed of 32 km/h or greater on level ground, without pedaling) and
    • Bears a permanently affixed label by the manufacturer stating in both official languages that the vehicle conforms to the federal definition of a power-assisted bicycle (refer to image below).

Send me a question!